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Full text of "Twenty-Ninth Annual Report to the Trustees of Shaw University"

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Trustees of Shacu University 



President's Report. 

Raleigh, N. C, May 31, 1894. 

Dear Brethren : I entered upon my duties as President 
of Shaw University in March. Rev. Henry Martin Tupper, 
D. D., the founder of the Institution, had been transferred 
daring the preceding November from the scenes of his great 
and successful life-work to the everlasting joys that await 
such noble, self-sacrificing souls. During the interim be- 
tween his death and my arrival, Rev. N. F. Roberts, D. D., 
had been acting President, ably assisted by the wise counsel 
and earnest help of Mrs. Tupper and Mr. and Mrs. Ballard. 
There was an enrollment of 351 students, in the main earn- 
est and devoted young men and women, striving to fit them- 
selves to be of service to their race. Late in the month oc- 
curred the commencement of the professional schools, which 
was attended by some of the most prominent people, both 
white and colored, throughout the State. 

The physical condition of the plant was such that repairs 
were needed in all departments. This was not because of a 
lack of business ability and foresight on the part of my pre- 
decessor, but rather on account of inability to make these 
repairs from lack of financial help. I found that the students, 
as a rule, had been very slow in meeting their obligations, 
and when the year closed on May 31st, the books showed that 
there was over $9,800 due on back accounts, going back no 
farther than the year 1889. There was a deficiency of about 
$1,200 for the year, which was met by borrowing from the 
Citizens National Bank, of Raleigh, and giving a note en- 
dorsed by J. G. Snelling, Esq., Treasurer of the American 
Baptist Home Mission Society, and also endorsed by myself 
as President of the University, and also personally endorsed. 
I was informed that it was customary to receive from the 
students large sums of money during the summer in pay- 
ment of their indebtedness, that would enable the institution 
to wipe out this deficit. This report is dated May 31st, 1894, 
but as there has been no meeting of the Trustees since I be- 
came President, until to-day, February 1, 1895, 1 shall incorpo- 
rate into the report statements that could not have been made 
in May. Instead of receiving $1,200 or more during the sum- 

mer, as we expected, a little less than $100 was received be- 
tween May 31st and October 1st. On November 1st I was 
enabled to pay $300 on the note, and a new note was given 
for the balance. On January 1st, $300 additional was paid 
and a new note given for the remaining $600, which note is 
now outstanding and no funds in sight with which to pay 
it. If the students had met their bills with a reasonable 
degree of promptness during the past few years, there would 
be no reason why the physical condition of Shaw University 
should not be of the very best, and all obligations promptly 
settled. My predecessor was compelled to neglect repairs in 
all departments that could possibly be neglected, so that he 
might have money sufficient to pay salaries and meet the 
expenses of the boarding department. In May last $2,000 
was voted by the Home Mission Society with which to make 
imperative repairs. About $1,500 of this sum has been spent 
and there is a dollar's worth of work to show for every dollar 
that has been expended. At a future time, when the whole 
$2,000 has been expended, a detailed report of this expendi- 
ture and the improvements made will be presented. 

I found the departments of Law, Medicine and Pharmacy 
in good condition, but it is these three departments that have 
caused the financial strain through which the University is 
passing. Were it not for the deficiency that has from time 
to time been caused by the operation of these departments, 
the financial condition of the University would be in much 
better shape. I am not prepared to recommend the discon- 
tinuance of these departments for the reason that they are of 
such high order, and have done such grand work, and their 
influence throughout the State and the South upon the 
University is well-nigh incalculable. It is, however, but true 
to state that these departments cannot continue unless money 
is forthcoming from some source. 

The Missionary Training School, under the care of Mrs. 
Ehlers, is doing a grand work, is meeting its expenses, and 
is in every way worthy of commendation and support. It 
is occupying a field until recently unoccupied, and I believe is 
going to prove a powerful factor in the Christian civilization 
of the colored race. 

All of the literary departments are in good condition, are 
meeting their expenses, and are worthy of support and com- 

The needs of Shaw University are very great. Students 
have left during the past year because their rooms were not 


properly heated, and there is no way of heating them. In 
one or two instances parents have written that they wanted 
their children educated at Shaw, but would have to keep 
thern at home until the winter weather had passed, wheu 
they would promptly return. There is scarcely any one of 
the numerous departments of the Universily that has means 
whereby it can be properly heated. The only solution of the 
difficulty, in my judgment, is to erect a central steam-heating 
plant, and have all of the buildings heated from this plant. 

A sewer runs through the street in front of the grounds, 
but no building is yet connected with it. When we consider 
the fact that hundreds of students are enrolled here, it can be 
seen at once from the standpoint of health, to say nothing of 
convenience and economical administration, that each of the 
buildings should have sewer connections, should be provided 
with the ordinary sanitary conveniences, bath-rooms and hot 
and cold water. There is also a great risk run from the large 
number of kerosene lamps in use. There ought to be estab- 
lished, in connection with a steam-heating plant, an electric 
light plant, so that danger from fire could be reduced to the 
minimum. I believe that many students are lost to Shaw 
University each year because of the superior conveniences at 
other institutions. There is an excellent and important insti- 
tution in North Carolina, with which Shaw University has to 
compete, that is provided with superi >r conveniences, and at 
the present time is putting up a large dormitory at a cost of 
$20,000 that will be provided with all modern appliances, 
heated with steam and lighted by electricity. There are also 
other institutions with which Shaw has to compete that are 
better equipped. I bring these facts before you, for Shaw 
cannot compete successfully with such institutions unless it 
provides for its students similar conveniences. 

The library and reading-room are practically such only in 
name There ought to be several thousand working volumes 
added to the library at once, and the reading-room stocked 
with the leading magazines, a half dozen of the leading 
dailies, and a dozen or more of the leading weeklies of the 

While good work is being done by the teachers, the results 
are far from what they should be on account of an insuffi- 
cient number of teachers, a lack of apparatus and reference 
material as well as, in some instances, school-rooms unsuited 
to the work. If modern sanitary and heating conveniences 
were provided, the Shaw building could be used entirely for 

dormitory purposes, aud it would be ample to accommodate 
all the male students in all departments. The present med- 
ical dormitory could be cut up into recitation rooms, and 
then we could have rooms that were light, airy, aud in every 
way suited to do good work. 

A drug store that is not paying expenses and has not for 
some time, is operated in connection with the school of 
pharmacy. While it was not established as a money-making 
enterprise, but rather to afford the students practice in wait- 
ing on customers and filling prescriptions, as well as to pro- 
vide the colored people with medicines, etc., at a slight ad- 
vance on cost price, the present condition of the finances of 
Shaw University do not, in my judgment, warrant a contin- 
uance of this drug store, and I would recommend that it be 
closed up and the stock on hand disposed of in the most 
advantageous way possible 

If the professional schools could be put upon a satisfactory 
financial basis, I would recommend the establishing of a 
school of dentistry. There is quite a demand for this and I 
believe that a successful and flourishing school could be, in 
a few years, securely established. 

The hospital is inadequate and not supplied with conven- 
iences that are necessary in caring for the sick and conva- 
lescent. It should be renovated and refitted as soon as 

In view 01 the present financial condition of Shaw Uni- 
versity, which has arisen largely on account of the failure of 
students to pay their reasonable charges, I would recommend 
that in the future they be required to pay all bills monthly 
in advance, with the exception of incidental and entrance 
fees that should be paid in all departments at the beginning 
of the year. This, I believe, in the long run will work little 
if any hardship and will be a very valuable education to 
the colored people. It may result in the attendance being 
reduced for a few years, but in the long run I believe will 
be more satisfactory to all concerned. 

The work of Shaw University differs very materially from 
that of any other institution in the South. Its aim is to 
provide teachers, and in general to fit young men and young 
women to be leaders. It also aims to take students through 
a college course, fitting them to enter the departments of 
law, medicine and pharmacy. It is, however, I believe, un- 
wise to ignore the fact that the elevation of the colored race 
must be especially along industrial lines. To this end the 


young men and young women who are to go out as leaders 
in the professions, must be in touch with the industrial 
spirit, or their field of influence will be very limited. 
There is also a feeling on the part of some young men and 
women that manual labor is rather unattractive and unde- 
sirable, if not dishonorable. I think that our industrial 
department should be entirely reconstructed to the end that 
all of the work in this department should be along strictly 
educational lines, rather than the teaching of some specific 
trade or trades. To this end I would have the department 
so organized that all students in all of the other departments 
should have at least a certain amount of training in indus- 
trial work each day — the young men in shop work along 
proptr lines, and the young women in the various lines of 
cooking, and other departments of household economy. I 
believe that we could do a grand work for the women of the 
colored race by having a well organized cooking-school in 
which food should be prepared, such as the colored people 
consume. Utensils should be used a little superior to their 
own, and advice and suggestions concerning a proper diet 
should be important features. I would not have the gulf 
between our method of work and the actual method at home 
so wide as to render the results of no effect. 

I may be pardoned in view of the brief time that I have 
been working among the freedmen, if I refer to the outlook. 
One cannot continue in a work in which he is deeply inter- 
ested unless he frequently asks himself: What is the outlook ? 
What is to be the result? What is to become of all these 
endeavors? I think there is on the part of the white people 
of North Carolina, a very kindly feeling toward the educa- 
tion of the colored people, in fact, more so than I have found 
in any other State. I feel, too, that there is on the part of 
the leading colored people a realizing sense that their only 
hope in getting up is through Christian education. This is 
my experience as I travel about among them, and I find a 
very earnest desire to have schools that are in existence kept 
up, and also other schools established. I find, however, 
sometimes, a feeling of jealousy that tends to lessen the de- 
gree of co operation that should exist. As schools are mul- 
tiplied and the average public becomes more intelligent, I 
believe this feeling of jealousy will subside. On the whole, 
the outlook is favorable, and those who are engaged in the 
work, either directly or indirectly, should feel encouraged. 

This report should not be closed without a further refer- 
ence to Prof. N. F. Roberts, D. D., who served as Acting Pres- 
ident from November, 1893, to March, 1894. He is a grand 
example of his race, and administered the affairs of the 
University with wisdom and discretion, and should receive 
your thanks for his faithful service. 

I herewith append my financial report that has been this 
day forwarded 10 Mr. J. G. Snelling, Treasurer. 



John F. Slater fund $1,000 00 

Leonard Medidal School Fund 175 00 

Contributions 207 61 

From Students — matriculation, room-rent, etc 1,518 67 

Old accounts — medical 573 63 

From other sources 54 00 

Against the department 334 09 

$3,863 00 
Salaries, Expenditures, Etc. 

James McKee, M. D., $ 500 00 

A. W. Knox, M. D., 500 00 

K. P. Battle, M. D., 500 00 

W. I. Royster, M. D , 500 00 

R.H.Lewis, M. D., 250 00 

H. B. Battle, Ph. D., 500 00 

A. W. Goodwin, M. D., 500 00 

Fuel 284 48 

Catalogs 14 47 

New Operating-room 145 76 

General expenses 168 29 

$3,863 00 



From students — room-rent, matriculation, tuition, 

etc $ 316 06 

Old accounts — law 48 13 

Against the department 704 69 

$1,068 88 


John S. Leary, salary % 500 00 

E.A.Johnson, salary 500 00 

Fuel 15 20 

Catalogs 14 30 

General expenses 39 38 

$1,068 88 



From students — room-rent, matriculation, inciden- 
tals and tuition $ 369 72 

From old accounts 90 26 

Against the department 156 23 

$ 616 21 

Wm. Simpson, salary $ 500 00 

Fuel 29 71 

Catalogs 15 00 

General expenses 71 50 

$ 616 21 



Contributions % 72 82 

From patients 26 68 

Missionary concerts 13 00 

Salesclothing 15 20 

R. & G. ft. R. patients 15 00 

Against hospital 83 70 

$ 226 40 

Nurses $ 100 00 

Fuel 75 00 

Laundry, etc., 22 20 

Insurance 10 00 

General expenses 19 20 

$ 226 40 



From tuition $ 827 36 

From board and room-rent 4,090 76 

From contributions 146 30 

From old accounts 1,135 04 

From all other sources 237 97 

$6,437 43 

School supplies $2,164 65 

Boarding department 2,370 44 

Repairs 307 45 

Special improvements-. 74 00 

Salaries — miscellaneous 233 40 

Supplies — sewing department 43 64 

Supplies — mechanical department 68 86 

Insurance 92 90 

All other purposes 343 76 

Surplus fund 738 33 

$6,437 43 



Appropriations made by the American Baptist 

Home Mission Society for salaries $ 8,080 00 

John F. Slater Fund 2,500 00 

$10,580 00 

Expenditures for Salaries. 

H. M. Tupper $ 1,500 00 

Chalers F. Meserve 500 00 

M. W. D. Norman 650 00 

N.F.Roberts 650 00 

L. B. Capehart 650 00 

N. C. Bruce 650 00 

H. 0. Leonard 650 00 

E. R. Jefferson 400 00 

D. P. Ballard 800 00 

Mrs. D. R Ballard 300 00 


H. M. Buss 400 00 

S.P.Elder 480 00 

Lena Kennedy 450 00 

M. C. Leonard 1,000 00 

T.D.Jenkins 800 00 

P.H.Hilton 400 00 

J. A. Dodson 300 00 

$10,580 00 



Medical department $ 3,528 91 

Law department 364 19 

Pharmacy department 459 98 

Hospital 142 70 

Literary department 6,437 43 

Appropriations 10,580 00 

Literary department, Session 1892-'93 142 68 

Deficiency 1,162 96 

$22,818 85 


Medical department $ 3,863 00 

Law department 1,068 88 

Pharmacy department 616 21 

Hospital 226 40 

Literary department 5,699 10 

Salaries— literary and industrial departments .__ 10,580 00 
Note against professional schools, session '92-'93. 765 26 

$22,818 85 
Respectfully submitted,